Immigration and Entrepreneurship
Culture, Capital, and Ethnic Networks
Many nations invite foreigners to work within their borders, but few welcome them. Those countries that do receive a torrent of immigrants create pressures that analysts expect to intensify as population growth and social unrest mount in the less developed countries of the world. Immigration and Entrepreneurship, now in paperback, offers a comparative analysis of worldwide immigration issues while focusing more specifically on the emerging influence of entrepreneurship as a potent factor in the economic and social integration of immigrants.
In linking the common immigrant and settler experiences with the upsurge in self-employment, the contributors to this volume use California as their base of comparison. The state has both a huge and varied immigrant population and an entrepreneurial economy that has facilitated the formation of immigrant-owned firms. The Los Angeles riots of the nineties indicated the volatility of the mix. Aided by ethnic and familial networks, such firms have served as a route of economic advancement.
Immigration and Entrepreneurship offers a comparative perspective unique in the literature of immigration by broaching the topic from both global and local perspectives. Whereas most studies examine the experience of a single group or groups in a particular destination economy, this volume emphasizes variations in the way different nations receive immigrants as causes of differences in immigrant behavior. Among the innovative themes discussed by a range of international scholars are the entrepreneurial efforts and tensions in the garment industry in Los Angeles, Paris, and Berlin; Koreans' enterprise and identities in Los Angeles and Japan; and U.S. immigration policies. The result is a genuinely global methodology.
Ivan Light is professor of sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of numerous articles and books on immigration, entrepreneurs, and urban sociology, including Ethnic Enterprise in America and Cities in World Perspective. Parminder Bhachu is professor of sociology at Clark University, a former Henry R. Luce professor of Cultural Identities and Global Processes, and was director of the Women's Studies program. She is the author of Twice Migrants and Dangerous Designs.
“California, with its diversity of topography, climate, and peoples, has long been described as a microcosm of America… Some of the papers published here deal specifically with the issue of occupation and ethnicity at the epicenter, Los Angeles; case studies focus on Britain, France, Japan, and Russia. Essays also examine garment production in Paris and Berlin; more general entrepreneurial activities in Israel, Canada, and the US; and Koreans in Japan and in the US.”
—P. I. Rose, Choice