The Unknown History
Discontent with public education has been on the rise in recent years, as parents complain that their children are not being taught the basics, that they are not pushed to excel, and that their classrooms are too chaotic to encourage any real learning. The public has begun to reject school bond levies with regularity, frustrated by what it perceives to be mounting education costs unaccompanied by increased achievement or accountability.
Coulson explores the educational problems facing parents and shows how these problems can best be addressed. He begins with a discussion of what people want from their school systems, tracing their views of the kinds of knowledge, skills, and values education should impart, and their concerns over discipline, drugs, and violence in public schools. Using this survey of goals and attitudes as a guide, Coulson sets out to compare the school systems of civilizations both ancient and modern, seeking to determine which systems successfully educated generations past and which did not. His historical study ranges from classical Greece and ancient Rome, through the Islamic world of the Middle Ages, to nineteenth-century England and modern America.
Drawing on the historical evidence of how these various systems operated, Coulson concludes that free educational markets have consistently done a better job of serving the public's needs than state-run school systems have. He sets out a blueprint for competitive, free-market educational reform that would make schools more flexible, more innovative, and more responsive to the needs of parents and students. He describes how education for low-income children might be funded under a market system, and how the transition from monopolistic public education to market education might be achieved.
Coulson's Market Education touches on a wide range of issues, including declines in academic achievement, minority education, the role of public school teachers, and mismanagement and corruption in educational bureaucracies. Coulson examines alternative reform proposals from vouchers and charter schools to national standards for school curricula. This timely and engaging book will appeal to parents, educators, and others concerned with the quality and cost of schooling, and will serve as an excellent resource in college courses on the economics and history of education.
“Working from an historical perspective, Coulson has written an apologia for competitive, free market education… In Coulson's terms competitive, free market education will provide for a more innovative, more flexible, and more responsive system of schooling… Coulson believes that a competitive school system will result in more flexibility and a new range of schooling alternatives in all shapes and sizes. All levels.”
—R. J. Reynolds, Choice
“In this unusually well written and thoroughly researched book, Andrew J. Coulson ranges from ancient Greece and Rome to modern America and Japan to document his conclusion that parental choice in a private educational market is afar more effective system for educating children than government-run schools. Encyclopedic in its coverage of the arguments for and against alternative modes of organizing schooling, readers will find this excellent book instructive whether they agree or disagree with his conclusion.”
—Milton Friedman, Nobel Laureate in Economics
“Coulson’s [Market Education] is a sweeping blow to those of us who keep hoping the system that served earlier generations reasonably well can be helped to overcome the effects of bad policies, inadequate teachers, disengaged parents, and indifferent students to perform its magic yet again. He wonders if the magic was ever there. . . .”
—William Raspberry, The Washington Post
“School choice has a much longer history than most imagine. All those committed to school reform should read this fascinating historical account.”
—Paul Peterson, Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Government, and Director of the Program on Education, Policy, and Governance, Harvard University
“American schools cost more than do those in most other countries. Yet, the longer our students are in school, the further they fall behind students in other advanced countries. Andrew Coulson draws upon both history and current research to identify clear reasons for such poor results. His book convincingly tells policymakers and parents how to solve the deep-seated problems of our schools.”
—Herbert J. Walberg, Research Professor of Education and Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago
"Coulson's use of international historical evidence to analyze contemporary debates typically driven by ideology is refreshing, and represents a major contribution ot the field of educational policy."
—Martin West, Oxford University